University of Pittsburgh

Teaching Residents to Teach Task Force

Residents-as-Teachers (RAT)

The Academy of Master Educators Teaching Residents to Teach Task Force has been charged with task of helping to develop and improve the educational skills of UPMC housestaff from all disciplines. To accomplish this, we have consolidated material on resident-as-teacher into two sections:

1) a required overview of teaching given to all incoming residents and fellows at the GME System-Wide Orientation Program, including a slide set and a syllabus section;


2) the creation of a universal set of teaching modules/material that can be adapted for program-specific education. This “toolbox” to training directors has been organized around APPLE curriculum (Applying Principles and Practice of Learning and Education):

  • Fundamental Principles of Medical Education (adult learning, learner needs, resident role)
  • Skills (clinical including microskills, didactic)
  • Matching Strategies to Opportunities (teachable moments, specific settings)
  • Teaching the Four ACGME Common Competencies (e.g., professionalism, communication)
  • Assessment (evaluation/feedback)
  • Outcomes (self-assessment, program evaluation, scholarship)




GME System-Wide Orientation Program


Applying Principles and Practice of Learning and Education (APPLE)